Adjective phrase

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Adjective phrase (symbol AP ) is a term from grammar and denotes a phrase , i.e. a closed syntactic unit that consists of an adjective and its additions, i.e. H. a phrase whose head is an adjective. For systematic reasons, adjectives occurring individually are also taken as phrases in grammar theory if they serve as a component of a sentence or attribute in the form of a single word .

Adjectives can be expanded to an adjective phrase by reigning a complement or by modifying them with a statement . Both types of expressions usually precede the adjective in German (this is mandatory for attributive adjective constructions), in other words the adjective phrase is " right-headed ". Examples:

(ein) [der Fledermaus] eng verwandtes (Tier)
(der) [seines Daseins] überdrüssige (Dichter)

In the first example, the adjective related (es) governs the dative supplement of the bat and is additionally supplemented by the modifier closely ; The italicized expression of the bat, which is closely related here, is the adjective phrase. In the second example, the adjective tired of (er) rules the genitive complement of his existence .

As in the German verb phrase or the middle field , components of the adjective phrase can be rearranged (so-called scrambling ):

der [dem Briefträger] [in vielen Merkmalen] nicht unähnliche Sohn der Nachbarin
der [in vielen Merkmalen] [dem Briefträger] nicht unähnliche Sohn der Nachbarin

Individual evidence

  1. DUDEN. The grammar. 8th edition, 2009. Mannheim: Dudenverlag. Pp. 832-834.
  2. ^ Hubert Haider: The Syntax of German . Cambridge University Press, 2010. Example from p. 143.