Topčider railway station
Topčider railway station
|List of train stations in Serbia|
Topčider is a historic train station in Belgrade in the capital of Serbia. The station is located between the Topčidersko brdo and Košutnjak mountain ranges near the confluence of the Topčiderska reka with the Save. Located in Topčiderer Park not far from the residential complexes of the former kings of Yugoslavia and Tito's Belgrade residence on Topčidersko brdo, it was once a reception station for state guests. The roundhouse of Plavi voz is also in Topčider. After the station was destroyed during the bombing of Belgrade in World War II and the fighting in the Belgrade Operation , only the former royal waiting hall remains today.
Topčider was an important point of mobilization in times of war, most recently in the Kosovo War in 1999. From here the soldiers of the Vojska Jugoslavije were mobilized from the large barracks in Topčider and Banjice to the war zone. In 2018 the station was renovated in advance of the closure of the Beograd Glavna train station. The reason for this is that there are ramps for military vehicles in Topčider. These are required for loading the motorail trains on the Belgrade – Bar railway line and were previously only available in Beograd Glavna.
The train station is just outside the city in the Savski venac district. Immediately in a deep cut of the Topčiderer river it was built on the right side of the river bed in a valley widening with three platforms. The historical main line of the Serbian railways runs over this, as it were, but since 1985 it has enabled the Beograd Centar station to be connected to the main line by tunneling under the Topčiderer Hill east of the station and only a few hundred meters south of the parking group. This means that Topčider is no longer connected to the Beovoz S-Bahn system and, following the closure of the old Beograd station on July 1, 2018, the station is also functionally on a branch line. However, the station is important as a reserve station for loading motor vehicles. Ramps are also used to load military vehicles and car trains. A replacement for this is to be built at Zemun station, where car trains will be loaded in the future. There is also a locomotive shed in Topčider, which is only used to maintain the Plavi voz. The two palace complexes of the Royal and White Palace are located on the Dedinje hill directly above the train station. Directly north of the train station is the historic Topčiderer Park with the Milošev konak, Prince Miloš Obrenović's residence. Especially between the world wars and under Tito, Topčider was a representative receiving station. Here the guard of the Royal Yugoslav Army and later the Yugoslav People's Army were against at receptions. Its extensive guard barracks with the former guard headquarters (bombed by NATO in 1999, today rebuilt by the US Embassy) is also located on Topčider Hill and is accessed from the train station directly via Gardijska ulica.
The original station building was built in 1884, not far from the symbolically chosen site for the groundbreaking ceremony for the construction of a railway line in Serbia on the Belgrade-Niš route on today's Mostarska petlja. Built as a makeshift station, it became the city's main station for a short time at the beginning of the First World War due to the shielding against the artillery positions of Austria-Hungary on the left bank of the Sava. The main train station, which was badly damaged in the first few days, was unable to guarantee loading and transport functions, and Topčider had to go despite the lack of infrastructure (engine shed, coal shed). It was damaged by a shell during the artillery bombardment. During the Serbian campaign of the Central Powers , the heaviest fighting between Košutnjak and Točider took place, August von Mackensen had the memorials for the fallen German and Serbian soldiers erected there immediately after the fighting. During the reconstruction in 1931, the only remaining royal waiting hall was built. High-ranking guests of the Beli Dvor, the nearby residence of the Yugoslav King, built in 1929 under King Aleksandar I, were received here. During the Second World War, the station was completely destroyed. The royal waiting hall was preserved and now serves as the actual station building. The station was under Tito Garage des Plavi voz, and Topčider was the home station of his numerous official rail journeys. After his death, a small exhibition with historical exhibits was set up in the train station. Tito stayed privately on the grounds of the train station by stopping unannounced several times at the buffet in the train station. In 1998 it was planned that the Yugoslav delegation would travel in a state train from Topčider to the peace negotiations in Rambouillet. At the last moment, however, this was refrained from.
Due to the fundamental reconstruction of the Belgrade railway junction, the Beograd glavna-Topčider relation is only a branch line. However, Topčider is temporarily upgraded due to its suitability for the train runs towards Bar over the car ramps installed there. All motorail trains to Bar have been served by Topčider since June 16, 2018.
- Location, tracks and speeds on OpenRailway map