The batter (in German also batsman ) is the attacking player in baseball and softball who is trying to hit the ball . Batter and hitter are synonymous terms. The term is derived from the bat , the name for the bat in baseball.
Player as batter
A player is referred to as a batter as long as he stands in the so-called batter's box to the at-bat and there awaits the ball thrown by the pitcher to hit. The batter's box is the area of the playing field reserved for the batter, from which only the ball may be hit. On the other hand, this area also protects the player, e.g. B. at Catcher's Interference .
Task of the battery
The batter's task is to place the ball brought into play by the defensive team with a stroke or a batter with the stick in such a way that he himself or runners who are already on one of the bases can advance one or more bases without leaving the Defensive team to be made "off".
The role of batter is performed by all players on a team in rotation, one after the other - in some leagues with the exception of the pitcher (see Designated Hitter ). The order in which the players appear as batter to strike is determined in the so-called line-up and cannot be changed for the respective game.
After the at-bat
If the batter succeeds in a stroke and leaves the batter's box to run to first base, he is referred to as a batterrunner , after reaching the first base only as a runner . A batter also becomes a runner if he is allowed to advance to first base protected by an action other than a shot, for example a walk or hit by pitch .
For a detailed explanation and explanation of the game principle, see baseball .
Since throwing the balls is very strenuous for the pitcher and many players have to practice hitting the balls in a team, training is usually carried out with an automatic ball throwing machine, a so-called pitching machine .