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Dochmius ( Greek  δόχμιος butmios "the crooked") denotes a metrical form according to the scheme in ancient verse theory

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However, this is only the basic form used in the metric literature δis abbreviated. The dissolution of lengths and the contraction of the resulting double shortening result in numerous variants, so that one usually speaks of the group of the wicked .

In the tragedy, the Dochmius marks the emotional effect.

By Anaklasis the first two elements arises from the basic shape of the Hypodochmius .


  • Günther Schweikle, Dieter Burdorf (ed.): Metzler Lexicon Literature. Terms and definitions. Metzler, Stuttgart 2007, ISBN 978-3-476-01612-6 , p. 163.
  • Christiaan Marie Jan Sicking: Greek verse teaching. (= Handbook of Classical Studies. Dept. 2, Part 4) Beck, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-406-35252-9 , pp. 187-191.
  • Gero von Wilpert : Subject dictionary of literature. 8th edition Kröner, Stuttgart 2013, ISBN 978-3-520-84601-3 , p. 181.