Exact science

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The exact sciences or hard sciences include, colloquially, those sciences that are able to make precise quantitative or mathematically or formally-logically precise statements and have their own strict methods for checking hypotheses and, above all, reproducible experiments with quantifiable measurements . From the formal sciences , logic , mathematics and parts of computer science and engineering, and from the natural sciences, physics , chemistry and parts of biology, are regarded as exact sciences in this sense. The goal of exact sciences is usually a mathematically founded theory, but this does not make it a branch of mathematics; In order to free themselves from the inaccuracies of natural languages, they must “want to - and be able to speak in an artificial language”.

In contrast, the "soft sciences" are used in the corresponding terminology, which means in particular parts of the social sciences and parts of the humanities .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Paul Lorenzen: About the emergence of the exact sciences , Springer-Verlag 1960, ISBN 978-3-642-86243-4 , §2: About the term "exact sciences"