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A juror , in the Austrian language of the chancellery, also a jury member (from late Middle High German sworn = the one who has sworn and is thus sworn on an oath) is called:

  • in an outdated meaning a lay judge at a jury
  • in Austria a lay judge who, in the case of serious crimes and political crimes, first decides on the question of guilt with seven other jurors and then decides on the sentence together with the three professional judges (the “ jury court ”)
  • in many countries (e.g. England, Spain, the USA and earlier also in some German states) a member of a lay judge's bank who decides on the guilt of the accused independently of the judge. In some states, the jury also determines the sentence. Together with other jurors, he forms the jury court (also called " jury ").
  • in Sweden until 1855 a senior executive in the mining industry . He was the local deputy head of the Swedish Mining Authority.
  • in France the jurés (French: jury) of the cour d'assises , the départemental criminal court for serious crimes, a jury with lay judges .

Web links

Wiktionary: Juror  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Geschworener
  2. juré French Wiktionnaire
  3. Criminal Law (France)