An example of a right to rule over a thing is property . By virtue of ownership, the owner is in accordance with BGB entitled with the matter at will to proceed and others from any action from to close (in Austria § 362 Civil Code, in Switzerland Art. 641 para. 1 Civil Code).
An example of a right to rule over an intangible good is the patent . By virtue of the patent, the patent holder according to Patent Act alone entitles the user to use the patented invention within the framework of applicable law (in Austria: Section 22 of the Austrian Patent Act (1996), in Switzerland: Article 8 of the Patent Act).
Dominion rights over people ( slavery , debt bondage , serfdom ) no longer exist in modern legal systems . The parent-child relationship is not a power relationship, but a personal relationship that encompasses custody rights and duties ( BGB)