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Dominance is the right to influence a legal object itself and to exclude all others from influencing it. It is therefore an absolute right .

Dominance rights can exist on physical ( things ) or immaterial ( intangible goods ) legal objects.

An example of a right to rule over a thing is property . By virtue of ownership, the owner is in accordance with § 903 BGB entitled with the matter at will to proceed and others from any action from to close (in Austria § 362 Civil Code, in Switzerland Art. 641 para. 1 Civil Code).

An example of a right to rule over an intangible good is the patent . By virtue of the patent, the patent holder according to Section 9 of the Patent Act alone entitles the user to use the patented invention within the framework of applicable law (in Austria: Section 22 of the Austrian Patent Act (1996), in Switzerland: Article 8 of the Patent Act).

Dominion rights over people ( slavery , debt bondage , serfdom ) no longer exist in modern legal systems . The parent-child relationship is not a power relationship, but a personal relationship that encompasses custody rights and duties ( Section 1626 BGB)