Patchwork ( ˈpætʃwɜːk , English patch for patches) or patchwork is a form of textile technology in which remnants of various materials are used to make new textiles .
The technique of patchwork began before the birth of Christ in the Orient and in Central Asia . The oldest known piece is a towel that dates back to 1000 BC. In Egypt from the skin of gazelles . Originating in the Mediterranean region, textile technology spread in Europe from the 11th to the 13th centuries through the Crusades . After that, English women and American settlers played a major role in the further development of patchwork through to quilting .
In patchwork, small or large pieces of felt, leather, fur, silk, linen, cotton and the like are used. a. sewn together or on top of each other to form a larger area:
- When the parts are sewn together, one speaks of pieced work or mosaic patchwork.
- When the individual parts are placed on top of one another and fixed with different stitches, one speaks of appliqué.
Today patchwork works are made according to design aspects and less according to considerations of use. Initially, duvets were the main object of the design, but artistic patchwork works “for the wall” are also designed and carried out. Textile artists work with patchwork.
- Liz Goodman, Susan Joiner: Creative Patchwork. Introduction to technology, ideas for samples and models . Translated from English by Hildegard Leiska. Otto Maier, Ravensburg 1977, ISBN 3-473-42450-1
- ^ Liz Goodman, Susan Joiner: Creative Patchwork. Introduction to technology, ideas for samples and models . Otto Maier, Ravensburg 1977, p. 4.