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The word substandard ( Latin sub 'under' ) generally denotes the fact that a thing is below a precisely defined standard .

In linguistics (Linguistics) denotes substandard ( Substandardvarietäten , Nichtstandardvarietäten ) speaking the verbal area below the normalized standard language . Thus includes both dialectal and regiolektale varieties ( everyday language ) for substandardsprachlichen area. In order to avoid the possibly pejorative aspect of the sub- or “under-”, the term nonstandard is used today.


  • Csaba Földes: The German language and its architecture. Aspects of diversity, variability and regionality: considerations of variation theory . In: Studia Linguistica XXIV (Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis; 2743). Wrocław 2005, pp. 37-59 ( online ).
  • Alfred Lameli: Standard and Substandard. Regionalisms in a diachronic longitudinal section. (=  Journal for Dialectology and Linguistics. Supplements 128). Stuttgart 2004.
  • Alexandra N. Lenz: Structure and dynamics of the substandard. A study on West Central German (Wittlich / Eifel). Journal of Dialectology and Linguistics. Supplement 125, Stuttgart 2003.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Cf. for example Ulrich Ammon: The German language in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. The problem of national varieties. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 1995, ISBN 3-11-014753-X , pp. 82-88; Aljona Merk: Standard and Nonstandard. Definition and function from a sociolinguistic perspective. Grin Verlag, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-640-61309-0 .