Accusativus cum participio
The accusativus cum participio (Latin = accusative with participle ), also abbreviated as AcP , is a sentence construction common in Latin and ancient Greek .
In Latin verbs of perception (e.g. videre "see"; audire "hear"; sentire "feel") there is often an accusativus cum participio instead of the AcI ( accusativus cum infinitivo ) . It is intended to emphasize that the subject of the sentence perceives the event particularly intensely.
In Greek, the AcP is used in verbs of sensual and mental perception (e.g. ἀκούειν) and knowledge (εἰδέναι) as well as in the verbs of showing and reporting (ἀποφαίνειν).
- Viderunt gladiatores pugnantes. "You saw the fighting gladiators / gladiators fighting." (Literally) or "You saw the gladiators fighting."
- Ὁράω αὐτὴν ἥκουσαν. "I see how it comes."