Adass Yisroel Cemetery
The Adass-Jisroel-Friedhof is a Jewish burial place in Berlin-Weißensee . It was the cemetery of the Adass Jisroel parish in Berlin. Located on Wittlicher Strasse, it was included in the Berlin List as a garden monument.
The Orthodox community, founded in 1869, acquired its own site on December 22, 1873 in the village of Weißensee, which was then far outside the city. With the passing of the Resignation Act of July 28, 1876, it became impossible for the members of Adass Yisroel to have the deceased buried in the cemeteries of the main parish. Abraham Michelson was the first to be buried in the new cemetery on February 24, 1880, roughly at the same time as the first burials in the new cemetery of the Jewish Community in Berlin , only two kilometers away , which was to become the largest Jewish cemetery in Europe. Up until the destruction of the community during the National Socialist era , around 3,000 funerals took place. The last burial, in a geniza , was for a not inconsiderable number of Torah scrolls that had been desecrated during the time of National Socialism.
After the Second World War , the cemetery deteriorated increasingly. In the second half of the 1980s, when Adass Jisroel's community life in East Berlin was resumed, it was makeshift repaired by volunteers and thus saved from further deterioration. The theology section of the Humboldt University of Berlin , which carried out its FDJ student assignment in the cemetery , was involved.
The cemetery is usually cordoned off and spontaneous visits are not possible. They can only be done in consultation with the cemetery administration in Berlin-Mitte. The administration points out that this is only possible for close relatives. Between 1985 and 1989, the Weißensee district financed a full position for a cemetery administrator who kept the burial site open Monday through Friday and on Sundays.
Graves of famous people
- Siegmund Breitbart , the iron king
- Esriel Hildesheimer , rabbi
- Jacob Pleßner , sculptor
- Five members of the Schocken family. Erich Mendelsohn designed the gravestones for two .
- Institute for Monument Preservation Berlin (Hrsg.): Historical cemeteries - Jewish cemeteries in Berlin. Berlin 1979.
- Michael Brocke, Eckehart Ruthenberg, Kai Uwe Schulenburg: Stone and Name. The Jewish cemeteries in East Germany (New Federal States / GDR and Berlin) . Berlin 1994, pp. 194-211.
- Jews in Weissensee. I once had a beautiful fatherland. Edited by the Weißensee Cultural Office and the City History Museum, Berlin 1994, pp. 205–215.
- Bill Rebiger: Jewish Berlin. Culture, religion and everyday life yesterday and today. Berlin 2002 (2nd edition)
- Wittlicher Straße 24, cemetery of the Israelite synagogue community Adass Jisroel in Berlin with enclosure, laid out 1879-80