General depression scale
The General Depression Scale ( ADS ) was developed as the CES-D scale (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) by the National Institute of Mental Health Center for Epidemiological Studies and validated as the General Depression Scale in German-speaking countries. The method has been used in numerous studies to determine the current level of depressive mood . The Center of Epidemiological Studies - Depression Scale (CES-D) was developed by Radloff in 1977. The test is standardized for adolescents aged 13–18 and adults aged 18–90. The processing time is 5 to 8 minutes. The long form consists of 20 and the short form of 15 questions.
Test quality criteria
- Claus Barkmann, Michael Schulte-Markwort, Elmar Brähler: Clinical-psychiatric rating scales for children and adolescents . Hogrefe Verlag, 2010, ISBN 978-3-8409-2349-4 , pp. 41–45 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- Thomas Beblo, Stefan Lautenbacher: Neuropsychology of Depression . Hogrefe Verlag, 2006, ISBN 978-3-8409-1662-5 , pp. 62 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- S3 guideline - diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorders . Springer-Verlag, 2013, ISBN 978-3-642-37774-7 , p. 45 ( limited preview in Google Book search).