General depression scale

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The General Depression Scale ( ADS ) was developed as the CES-D scale (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) by the National Institute of Mental Health Center for Epidemiological Studies and validated as the General Depression Scale in German-speaking countries. The method has been used in numerous studies to determine the current level of depressive mood . The Center of Epidemiological Studies - Depression Scale (CES-D) was developed by Radloff in 1977. The test is standardized for adolescents aged 13–18 and adults aged 18–90. The processing time is 5 to 8 minutes. The long form consists of 20 and the short form of 15 questions.

Test quality criteria

The psychometric parameters are good, the internal consistency is 0.89, the test halving reliability is 0.81.

Individual evidence

  1. Claus Barkmann, Michael Schulte-Markwort, Elmar Brähler: Clinical-psychiatric rating scales for children and adolescents . Hogrefe Verlag, 2010, ISBN 978-3-8409-2349-4 , pp. 41–45 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  2. Thomas Beblo, Stefan Lautenbacher: Neuropsychology of Depression . Hogrefe Verlag, 2006, ISBN 978-3-8409-1662-5 , pp. 62 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  3. S3 guideline - diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorders . Springer-Verlag, 2013, ISBN 978-3-642-37774-7 , p. 45 ( limited preview in Google Book search).