Amrit Sanchar

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Amrit Sanchar (also Amrit Sanskar, Amrit Chhakna or Khande di Pahul) is a Sikhist initiation ritual with sweetened water. In common parlance, Amrit Sanchar is also referred to as a baptism ceremony . Officially, six Sikhs who have already been initiated must be present with the candidate. Five of them, the so-called five lovers (panj piare), perform the baptism ceremony. The five Panj Piare recite the five Sikh prayers Japji Sahib, Jaap Sahib, Tavprasad Savaiye, Chaupai Sahib and the Anand Sahib while using the Khanda (special dagger) to grind the sugar for the baptismal water. During the baptism ceremony, another baptized Sikh stands at the door as Pehardar, and another baptized Sikh reads the Hukamnama from Guru Granth Sahib. Through the Amrit baptism, the Sikh belongs to the Khalsa Panth. This means the spiritual and religious community of all baptized Sikhs. During the Vaisakhi (Baisakhi) festival in 1699, this baptismal ceremony was introduced by the tenth Guru Gobind Singh and thus the Khalsa Panth was established.


  • Mohinder Singh, SIKH - Forms and Symbols New Delhi 2000. ISBN 81-7304-310-8
  • Dharam Parchar Committee, The code of Sikh conduct and conventions, Amritsar 2002.

Individual evidence

  1. Khalsa Panth (accessed February 13, 2017)