Under brocades (ital. Broccato to broccare "interweave") is generally understood today a heavy, solid and patterned textile fabric made of silk or rayon (viscose), are woven into the gold or silver thread (gold or silver brocades). Originally, however, the term only referred to brocaded or launched fabrics in which the additional decorative weft thread consists of a different material than the basic weft .
Since the term is now used so generally for rich textiles that it describes neither a specific weave nor a specific weaving technique , the CIETA ( Center international d'étude des textiles anciens ) advises against its use in a scientific context.
Brocade fabrics are used as covers for furniture upholstery and pillowcases, as wallpaper fabric and for pompous robes and shoes. Historically, richly decorated textiles with metal threads were worn mainly by aristocratic and ecclesiastical dignitaries. The Kaaba , the most important shrine of Islam in Mecca , is covered with the so-called kiswa , which is made of black brocade.
- Rüdiger Lorenz: The Brocade Weaver , 30 Min., 1997. From the BR series The last of his class? (First broadcast: December 26, 1997)
- Autour du Fil, l'encyclopédie des arts textiles . Editions Fogtdal, Paris 1989, ISBN 2-907569-00-7
- ↑ Duden | Brocade | Spelling, meaning, definition, origin. In: www.duden.de. Retrieved November 8, 2016 .
- ↑ Brocart | Art et decoration. In: arts.savoir.fr. Retrieved November 8, 2016 .
- ^ The CIETA: Presentation. In: www.cieta.fr. Retrieved November 8, 2016 .
- ↑ Marie-Hélène Guelton: Vocabulaire français . Ed .: CIETA. 2005, p. 6 .
- ↑ Description of the film at fernsehserien.de