Federal Law (Germany)
Federal law is in Germany the entire legal system, the material from the rightful laws of the Federal exists. Therefore belong to federal law
- the Basic Law
- Parliamentary laws , e.g. B. Building Code , also framework laws (e.g. university framework law )
- Federal statutory ordinances , e.g. B. the road traffic regulations
- Federal statutes , e.g. B. the rules of procedure of the Bundestag
- unwritten law of the federation, especially the (federal) common law
The federal government is only authorized to issue laws, ordinances and statutes within its express legislative competence. If he violates this competence to the detriment of a country, the legal norm is unconstitutional. If necessary, this must first be determined by the Federal Constitutional Court .
Relationship to other legal sources
In addition to federal law , standards applicable in Germany can be divided into the categories of international law , EU law , state law , and the law of autonomous bodies (municipalities, universities, etc.).
- As a rule, international law only becomes effective under federal law through transformation into (German) treaty laws. The general rules of international law take precedence over federal law anyway ( Art. 25 GG).
- The relationship between federal law and EU Union law is complex and dogmatic, both controversial and fluid. Basically, one can speak of a priority of validity or application of Union law. This is mostly achieved either through the direct validity of European legal provisions or through an interpretation (reforming) of German law in accordance with European law.
- State law that contradicts constitutional federal law is broken by federal law ( Article 31 of the Basic Law), unless it is a question of deviating legislation ( Article 72, Paragraph 3 of the Basic Law). Other exceptions are in 84 Art. Abs. 1, sentence 3 and GG in Art. 142 GG normalized.
- Sub-statutory norms (ordinances and statutes) that contradict federal law are illegal.
- Laws on the Internet (BMJ, current versions)
- buzer.de (current and historical versions since 2006 including amendment regulations)
- Federal law on the Internet - LexisNexis (selected provisions of federal and state law, regularly updated collection)
- Research opportunities on federal law on the Internet