Clann na Talmhan
Clann na Talmhan was founded in Athenry (County Galway ) in 1939 by Michael Donnellan with the aim of representing the farmers in Ireland politically. Further goals were to strengthen the interests of small landowners, support from the state in reclaiming new land, lowering property taxes on farmland and increasing afforestation .
The party first ran in the 1943 election and immediately won ten seats. Nevertheless, Donnellan resigned as party chairman. Joseph Blowick followed him in office. Clann na Talmhan was part of the coalition government from 1948 to 1951 and 1954 to 1957. Chairman Blowick was given the ministerial post for agriculture and Donnellan was parliamentary secretary.
During the reign, however, the party lost its position and more and more voters leaned towards Fianna Fáil or Fine Gael . Clann na Talmhan always saw itself as a very narrow and regional organization and made few moves to "conquer" the non-agricultural areas of Ireland. In 1961, Donnellan and Blowick were the only TDs, and the party effectively ceased to play a role in politics. When Donnellan died in 1964, his son joined the Fine Gael party. Blowick did not run in the following election in 1965, which marked the end of the party.
- Maurice Fitzgerald: Ireland's European Integration, 1957 to 1966 . In: Protectionism to Liberalization: Ireland and the EEC, 1957 to 1966 . Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2000, ISBN 0-7546-1456-5 ( lboro.ac.uk [PDF; accessed February 13, 2020]).
- Maurice Manning: Irish Political Parties: An Introduction . Gill and Macmillan, London 1972, ISBN 0-7171-0536-9 , pp. 120 .
- Manning (1972) emphasizes that four independent farmers are incorrectly counted in some plants as part of Clann na Talmhan , even though they ran as independents, so that 14 is given instead of 10.