A curriculum is usually limited to listing the lesson content. The curriculum, on the other hand, is more oriented towards teaching objectives and the course of the teaching and learning process or the course. In particular, it also contains statements about the framework conditions for learning. In addition to the teaching content, the "learning and developmental psychological possibilities of the addressees" are also taken into account.
In the didactic debate, the term curriculum was (re) imported from the USA at the end of the 1960s , especially by Saul B. Robinsohn : the curriculum should contain the most precise possible regulation not only of learning objectives and learning content , but also of learning processes and the organization of learning. This is how it is understood in the structure plan of the German Education Council in 1970.
In the English-speaking space is used more for the curriculum of each course syllabus , while the curriculum is based on the entire study or the teaching-learning offer of a school system, a school year, a school form or a subject.
School curricula are often designed as a spiral curriculum . Modern curricula also assign their training modules to different learning areas and thus aim to systematically acquire skills . For example, a business administration curriculum can be divided into the following learning areas:
- System-oriented management
- Information Technologies and Applied Computer Science
- Quantitative methods
- Culture, society and languages.
A core curriculum is a curriculum traced back to the essential contents. The core curriculum states which competencies can be expected from the students, which should not only be subject-specific but also process-related in nature. Personal and social skills in particular are explicitly mentioned. The subject areas are also presented and it is determined to what extent these subjects should be dealt with. Other aspects such as grading are explained and how grades have to be put together.
In the education system in Germany , the core curriculum is laid down by a commission for each federal state , for each type of school and for each subject. It draws on the educational standards that are decided by the Conference of Ministers of Education for the subjects.
- U. Hameyer, K. Frey, H. Haft (Hrsg.): Handbuch der Curriculumforschung. Weinheim 1983.
- H.-E. Tenorth, R. Tippelt (Ed.): Lexicon Pedagogy. Weinheim 2007.
- Saul B. Robinsohn: Education reform as a revision of the curriculum. Neuwied 1967.
- Johannes Klenk: Curriculum. In: Gabler Wirtschaftslexikon.
- Institute for Integrative Studies at the University of Lüneburg: Curriculum Mobility.
- Curriculum workstation. Research facility for curricula worldwide from the Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research.
- H.-E. Tenorth, R. Tippelt (Ed.): Lexicon Pedagogy . Weinheim 2007, 137f.