Dictionnaire universel d'histoire et de geographie

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Bouillet - Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie 1878.jpg

The Dictionnaire universel d'histoire et de geographie is one of the most famous reference works of the French language of the 19th century. It is inextricably linked with the name of its editor, Marie-Nicolas Bouillet , after whom it was soon only called "Le Dictionnaire Bouillet" or "Le Bouillet":

"Au point que le nom de l'auteur a passé dans la langue, et que l'on donne aujourd'hui [1865] le nom de Bouillet à tout dictionnaire d'histoire et de geographie."

The Bouillet was first published in 1842 and is the second dictionary published by Nicolas Bouillet after the Dictionnaire classique de l'antiquité sacrée et profane . By 1914 it had seen 34 issues. The author later added two more works to the Dictionnaire , the Dictionnaire universel des sciences, des lettres et des arts (1854) and the Atlas universel d'histoire et de géographie (1865).

In 1852 the work got on the index , which prompted Bouillet to create a new edition that took up the allegations of the religious authorities and in 1854 also received the blessing of the Vatican: the cleaned version did not contain a number of critical comments on clerics, cardinals and popes more, but for example a lack of criticism of thinkers like Montesquieu from the perspective of the church .

Web links


  1. ^ Pierre Larousse , Grand Dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle , preface to the edition of 1865.