Final movement

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A final clause (from the Latin finis 'goal, end'; also purpose clause , intention clause or desire clause ) is understood in grammar as a subordinate clause that specifies the purpose, the intention or the aim of the matter mentioned in the parent clause . It belongs to the adverbial clauses . It can be queried with the question "For what purpose?"

Final clauses are introduced with the conjunctions “thus”, “on that” (out of date), “that” or “around” (with too -infinitive) . Examples of final sentences:

  • He goes to the doctor to get well.
  • He lit a cigarette, in order to hide his nervousness.
  • Be careful not to get run over.
  • You will scream for help so that they can come with ladders and save you from a dove, from a dove! ( Patrick Süskind )
  • You are to honor your father and mother so that you may be well and you may live long on earth.

With a fine language is by order and on that conditional However, the normal mode or subjunctive. Is now the indicative , especially in present tense contexts.

To-to-sentences were often only referred to as "final constructions" in older grammars. As infinitive constructions, they lack an inflected verb form and they also show no subject . However, they also have a final meaning and, like finite clauses, they are introduced by a conjunction ( um). In this case one speaks of a sentence-valued infinitive (see also under subordinate clause # infinitive clauses ). The subject of the infinitive is understood and is identified with the agent of the main clause.

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: final clause  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Duden. The grammar. 8th edition. Dudenverlag, Mannheim 2009, ISBN 978-3-411-04048-3 , p. 537 / § 780 f., P. 632 / § 951.
  2. Duden. The grammar. 8th edition. P. 852 ff.