Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory
The Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory is an astronomical observatory owned by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory ; it is its largest outpost and is located near Amado, Arizona on the hills of Mount Hopkins . It was founded in 1968.
Other telescopes are
- a 1.5 m reflector telescope,
- a 1.2 m reflecting telescope,
- as well as a 1.3 m reflecting telescope.
The latter is called PAIRITEL (Peters Automated IR Imaging Telescope), which was originally used for the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS).
The Infrared optical telescope array (IOTA), which is used by many institutes, and the Hungarian Automated Telescope (HAT) are also located on the site .
The observatory has achieved particular fame in the study of astronomical high-energy gamma radiation , for example in 1984 with the development of an imaging Cherenkov telescope (Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope, IACT).
Four kilometers to the east is the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System (VERITAS), a gamma radiation observatory consisting of four 12 m telescopes ().