Youth Media Commission
The Youth Media Commission ( JMK ) is an Austrian body with the task of determining the suitability for young people of cinema films and trailers . The experts judge around 400 films a year. The Youth Media Commission is subordinate to the Federal Ministry of Education .
In 1948 the Youth Film Commission (JFK) was established. Since the field of activity of the commission expanded over time and not only more films received an age recommendation from the JFK, this was renamed the Youth Media Commission in summer 2001.
At the request of film distributors, the commission examines films that are being released in Austria. There is no submission requirement, but in practice all major film distributors apply for a JMK assessment. The experts issue a non-binding age rating that serves as a decision-making aid for the federal states , whose commissions ultimately determine the age rating in the respective federal state. In most federal states, films that have not been submitted would have to be checked independently by the state commissions for showing in front of minors; practically no such case is known. Rather, these are generally approved from at least 16 years of age.
In addition, films for ORF , DVDs for retail and Internet films are now also checked upon application . Since the age ratings of the JMK are not legally binding, they are not printed on DVDs and Blurays.
The JMK film database provides brief information as well as substantive reasons for the age rating and positive rating of the films and media tested from the year 2000.
The Youth Media Commission issues the following age ratings:
- Free for all ages / unrestricted
- Free from 6 years
- Free from 8 years
- Free from 10 years
- Free from 12 years
- Free from 14 years
- Free from 16 years
(The age rating free from 4 years and free from 18 years has been given up.)
Furthermore, there are so-called positive labels at the JMK, which can highlight a film if it can in certain respects positively influence the development of a child or a young person. A distinction is made between three essential criteria, the developmental psychological context, the socio-political context and the content and aesthetic quality.
- A film that has many criteria and which in its entirety warrants special emphasis is highly recommended .
- A film that meets several criteria is recommended .
- A film that meets at least some of the criteria is acceptable .
- If no positive labeling is given, this means that the film does not contain any necessary criteria or that the negative criteria predominate. That doesn't mean that the JMK advises against watching this film.
Procedure for classifying media
The JMK distinguishes between six different criteria with the following sub-points:
- Physical health (length of the film, overstimulation in the area of visual or auditory sensory perception)
- Mental and emotional development (fear, disturbance, emotional shock)
- Mental-cognitive development (comprehensibility of the film plot for film language means, open ending, identifying characters, role behavior, conflict resolution models)
- Socio-ethical and moral development (severe disorientation in the distinction between good and bad, non-punishment of criminal offenses, vigilante justice, increased propensity for violence through film content or dulling towards violence, violation of decency and socially accepted taboos, positive depiction of drug and alcohol consumption)
- Religious sentiment (degradation of religious teachings and symbols, call for religious intolerance)
- Democratic and civic attitude (totalitarianism, political extremism, racism, sexism, discrimination against ethnic and religious minorities)
The Youth Media Commission gives some films a positive label, which summarizes the suitability of the tested film based on its overall content. The committee checks whether the viewer must have certain age-specific prior knowledge in order to understand the structure or structure of a film.
- Film database of the Youth Media Commission. Federal Ministry for Education, Science and Culture, accessed on October 28, 2018 .
- responsibility, history and organization of the Youth Media Commission. Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, May 29, 2019, accessed on October 27, 2019 .
- Age rating of films and comparable image carriers by the Youth Media Commission in Austria. ( PDF ) Youth Media Commission of the Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture , June 21, 2018, accessed on October 27, 2019 .
- Positive labeling of films and comparable image carriers for children and young people. (PDF) Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research, June 21, 2018, accessed on October 27, 2019 .