Kingdom of Kenedugu

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Kenedugu (French Kénédougou ) was a state in the south of today's Mali and in the west of today's Burkina Faso from the middle of the 17th century to 1898.

The Senufo immigrated in the middle of the 17th century from the north of today's Ivory Coast to the south of today's Mali and the surrounding region and founded Kenedugu. The first king was Nanka Traoré , the founder of the Traoré dynasty, which ruled until the fall of the state.

Kenedugu adopted some of the Mande practices , such as the royal title of Faama. The land was important for trade between the Sahara in the north and the forest areas in the south. Its residents were animists.

King Mansa Daoula Traoré founded Sikasso .

In 1862 King Daouda Traoré was dethroned by N'Golo Kounanfan Traoré .

The French invaded West Africa in the 19th century; at the same time the realm of the Samory Touré was born . In 1877 King Tieba moved the capital from Kenedugu to Sikasso , where he had the Mamelon fortress built on a hill . As a result, Kenedugu survived several attacks by foreign powers under Tieba and his successor King Babemba Traoré .

In April 1887, Sikasso was unsuccessfully besieged by Samory Touré with 12,000 men. 1887–1888 Sikasso was besieged by French troops without success. In 1890 Tieba had a city wall built, some of which still stand today.

Tieba died in 1892. On January 1, 1893, his brother Babemba Traoré became the new king. On May 1, 1898, Sikasso was captured after several days of artillery bombardment. King Babemba Traoré was killed by his bodyguards.

The area around Sikasso became part of French Sudan . In the west of Burkina Faso there is still a province called Kénédougou today .

King List