With the Reich Justice Acts in 1879, all courts of special jurisdiction for civil and criminal matters were abolished and the conflicting parties were referred exclusively to ordinary jurisdiction . In the commercial sector, this affected the commercial courts and factory courts, among other things .
However, this was soon felt to be too rigid. With the Reich Law of July 6, 1904 ( law relating to merchant courts), merchant courts were established. These were special courts for resolving disputes arising from the employment relationship between merchants (principal) and sales assistants and apprentices. These clerks were limited by the fact that they were allowed to have less than 5000 M annual salary.