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The collature is the right to fill a spiritual position as well as to award a benefice or a scholarship .

In Catholic areas, the occupation of clerical positions is generally entitled to the holders of church power, according to canon law the bishops for the lower beneficiaries , in the dioceses the cathedral chapters under papal confirmation, according to Protestant church law formerly the sovereign.

If the conference participant (the collator ) is bound to a presentation by a third party during the award ( collation ), one speaks of collatio non libera , in the opposite case of a collatio libera .

In reformed areas the collature of abolished ecclesiastical rule was transferred to secular power. Parishes newly founded after the Reformation were given secular rights as collators, in the city-state of Zurich these were mayors and councilors.

See also


  • Thomas Willich: ways to benefice. The occupation of the Magdeburg cathedral canonicals between proper collature and papal commission 1295-1464. Library of the German Historical Institute in Rome 102, De Gruyter, 2005. ISBN 978-3-484-82102-6 .
  • Kerstin Hitzbleck: Executors. The extraordinary collature of benefits in the pontificate of John XXII. Mohr Siebeck, 2009. ISBN 978-3-16-150158-6 .
  • Andreas Meyer: Zurich and Rome. Ordinary collation and papal provisions at the Frau- und Großmünster 1316–1523. Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen 2015. ISBN 978-3484820647 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Collatur Brockhaus' Kleines Konversations-Lexikon, 5th edition, Volume 1. Leipzig 1911., pp. 987–988., accessed on August 9, 2020.
  2. ^ Andreas Thier : Patronatsrecht Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz , version of November 24, 2009.