Congregation of Episcopal Law

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A congregation under episcopal law is a religious institute in the Roman Catholic Church which, as an institute of diocesan law, is subject to the supervision of the diocesan bishop and not directly to the Pope like an institute under papal law . The legal basis is can. 589 CIC .

The respective local bishop approves the establishment and oversees the congregations and is considered to be their supreme leader . He has to confirm the leadership of the order and conducts regular visitations . In the past, women's orders under episcopal law were often assigned a diocesan priest as rector , who exercised the highest authority on behalf of the bishop. Due to the proximity of the place, the bishop is usually better informed and acts more directly in the administration of the order than the responsible Vatican authorities can do with institutes under papal law. In general matters of religious life , however, congregations under episcopal law are also subject to the specifications of the congregation for institutes of consecrated life and for societies of apostolic life in Rome . Many religious orders are initially established as congregations under episcopal law and later, especially when they expand their area of ​​activity beyond the diocesan borders, recognized by the pope and elevated to congregations under papal law.

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