A media monastery is a monastery in the Holy Roman Empire that was embedded in the framework of a territorial power superior to it (see state sovereignty ). These monasteries were also called "rural". On the other hand, there were the monasteries or monasteries that were directly under the Empire and were not subordinate to a territorial power.
These media monasteries were referred to as "rural" if they had a seat and vote in the state parliament . As landowners, the media monasteries had landlord rights linked to the lower jurisdiction . The mendicant orders in the cities also belonged to the media monasteries.
During the secularization of 1802/1803, the media monasteries were also abolished.
- Werner Schiedermair (ed.): Klosterland Bavarian Swabia . Kunstverlag Josef Fink, 2. corrected a. extended edition, Lindenberg 2008, ISBN 978-3-89870-127-3 .