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Under memory is the ability of recorded information over a period of about 10 minutes in the memory to remember and to recall them. The ability to remember depends on various influencing factors such as mood, alertness, the emotional content of the content to be remembered or the level of arousal.

In distinction from general memory disorders, the emphasis on memory impairment is the inability to recognize and retrieve new information.

The decrease in memory is mentioned as a symptom within various mental disorders: Depressive disorders , anxiety disorders , dementia (here as one of the main symptoms), alcoholism, etc.


Within psychopathology (in psychopathological findings ) one speaks of mild to severe memory impairment when information that is as neutral as possible (such as spoken words or images shown) cannot be remembered for longer than the above 10 minutes and recalled or recognized.

In the case of a slight memory impairment, at least two out of three pieces of information are remembered, in the case of severe impairments, not even with assistance. Within the AMDP system for collecting the psychopathological findings, memory is a category of self and external observation within the attention and memory disorders .

Individual evidence

  1. Working group for methodology and documentation in psychiatry (AMDP): The AMDP system . 8th edition. Hogrefe, 2007, ISBN 3-8017-1925-1 , pp. 40 u. 41 .