Method (epistemology)

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A method ( ancient Greek μέθοδος , 'pursue', 'pursue' ) is a more or less systematic procedure to achieve a goal. Methods can be found in everyday practice as well as in science , philosophy , law and art . In the narrower sense, a method is understood to be a path of knowledge.

In science, the method is used to advance from a hypothesis to an object. As a theory of knowledge and science, philosophy gives indications to the individual sciences as to whether the chosen method is suitable for achieving a certain goal or whether it is applied consistently. This is the job of methodology .

The ideal of method monism that there should be a single universal method that can be used everywhere has not yet been fulfilled.

See also

  • Learning method , tools or aids with which one can learn more efficiently in order to acquire knowledge and skills (competencies)


  • René Descartes : Discours de la méthode pour bien conduire sa raison et chercher la vérité dans les sciences. 1637 (German: treatise on the method of the correct use of reason and scientific truth research ); modern edition z. E.g .: René Descartes: Discours de la méthode. French - German . Translated and edited. by Christian Wohlers. Meiner, Hamburg 2011, ISBN 978-3-7873-2148-3 ( Philosophical Library 624).