A metric scheme (also metric form or metric frame ) describes in verse theory (metrics) the abstract structure of bound speech , i.e. metrically regulated language, for example of poems and their parts. The concrete linguistic form is abstracted in such a way that the regular or regular parts common to the different concrete forms of a lyrical structure are recognizable. These regular correspondences are called responsions . The parts of the metric scheme designated as metric or verse elements respond to their implementation in the concrete poem.
Various forms of metric notation are used to represent metric schemes . The aim of the metric scheme as a poem analysis tool is to represent the regularity of the poem, which is perceived as bound speech when it is received. In the context of verse theory, it serves to reproduce common structures of various forms in an abstract way from the concrete poem.
Depending on the level considered, a special distinction is made:
- Verse foot (example: dactylus ) as a sequence of verse elements that is repeated in the verse or at certain points in the poem,
- Meter (example: hexameter ) as a sequence of verse elements or verse feet that are repeated as part of a stanza or a poem,
- Verse form (example: quatrains ) as a repetitive structure in the poem,
- Poem form (example: sonnet ) as a structure and describing the similarities between different poems
- as a special case of the stanza form or as a poem structure, the rhyme scheme .
If a distinction is made between schema and form , then the form is the result of the abstraction itself and the schema is the representation of the form with the help of a suitable notation.