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"The term neocorporatism refers to the integration (" incorporation ") of organized interests in politics and their participation in the formulation and execution of political decisions." The term neocorporatism is linked to the older concept of corporatism , which mediates interests over a limited number organized by hierarchically structured compulsory associations, which have a monopoly on representation through a state license and thus act as the "extended arm" of the state. In neo-corporatism, the associations are not subject to any direct state control and are autonomous as regards the type and scope of interest. In contrast to the pluralism model , however , the state directly or indirectly influences the formation of interest groups and the organization of collective interests, for example by setting general framework conditions. The interest groups represent “agencies for the mediation of interests”, which in the “process of organizing what should count as group interests must first generate and can change in the course of the disputes.” Its structure of mediation of interests should not be understood as a rigid structure , but rather as an applied strategy of the political system "in order to cooperatively work on political topics of interest in certain areas."

This cooperation takes place for mutual benefit in which the associations provide specialist knowledge and discuss the interests of their members and incorporate them into the political process in an aggregated form. In this way, they ensure the acceptance and implementation of government measures and at the same time can make specific design proposals.

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Individual evidence

  1. a b Helmut Voelzkow: Art. Neokorporatismus . In: Uwe Andersen, Wichard Woyke (ed.): Concise dictionary of the political system of the Federal Republic of Germany . Springer, Heidelberg, 7th, updated edition 2013 ( online on the website of the Federal Agency for Civic Education ).
  2. ^ Philippe C. Schmitter: Trends toward corporatist intermediation . Sage Publications, Beverly Hills 1979, p. 94.
  3. ^ Philippe C. Schmitter: Neocorporatism: reflections on previous theory and further practice . In: Ulrich von Alemann (ed.): Neokorporatismus . Campus-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1981, pp. 62–79.
  4. ^ Rolf G. Heinze: Association policy and "Neo-corporatism". On the political sociology of organized interests . Westdeutscher Verlag, Opladen 1981, p. 91 ff.
  5. ^ Stefan Hradil: Social stratification in the Federal Republic . Ehrenwirth, Munich, 3rd edition 1981, ISBN 3-431-02382-7 , p. 82.