Nibelung strophe

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The Nibelungenstrophe is the form of the metrical and melodic structure of the verses in the Middle High German Nibelungenlied . Its stanzas are made up of four long lines rhyming in pairs , each consisting of an anvers (3 bars) and an abvers (three bars in the first three verses, four bars in the fourth verse).

The Nibelungen strophe is essentially identical to the Kürenberger stanza (see Der von Kürenberg ). It consists of four long lines, two of which are connected by pair rhymes . Each long line consists of two short lines; the first is called anvers, the second is called abvers. The anverse always has four, the abvers in the first three lines of verse three accentuations. In the fourth verse, both Anvers and Abvers have four exaltations. Through the additional fourth measure in the abverse of the last stanza, the stanza is emphasized as a unit of meaning in the poem and appears to be very closed.

The Anverse end almost always female sounding , that is, on the last stressed syllable followed by another syllable with a side elevation (tales), very rarely, one can here male cadence are (emphasized last syllable). The verses usually end masculine (i.e. on a stressed syllable). In the design of the inner bars and upbeats (stalks at the beginning of the verse outside the actual meter), there is extensive freedom of filling, with a slight tendency to alternate, i.e. to regularly alternate between stressed and unstressed syllables.

The first stanza of the Nibelungenlied reads in manuscript B:

[Ez wuohs] En Bvrgonden a vil noble magedîn
daz in all countries not Schoners mohte sîn
Chriemhilt heated you were a scœne wîp
dar vmbe mvosen degene vil left the lîp.

In manuscript C there is an introductory stanza before it, which is certainly a more recent addition and hardly goes back to the poet of the "original" Nibelungenlied:

In old mæren wnders vil
with heleden lobebæren, from grôzer work,
from frevde vn– hôchgecîten, from weeping vn– [from]
laments , from kvner recken strîten mvget ir nv wnder horen say.

As a special feature, the ends of the anverse rhyme with each other in pairs in this first stanza.

The last stanza of the Nibelungenlied in an edition of manuscript B reads:

Ine chan iv niht modest waz sider dâ geschach
wan ritter vnd vrowen we cry because sach
dar zv di noble knehte ir love frivnde tôt
dâ has daz mære an end diz is the Nibelvnge <nôt>

The melody for the Nibelungen strophe has not survived. However, different attempts have been made to reconstruct it from two late medieval poems, which have a metrically almost identical structure to the Nibelungenlied (on the one hand from the Younger Hildebrandslied , on the other hand from the Trier-Alsfeld Marienklage). On the basis of these two divergent melody reconstructions, one has recently dared to perform partial performances of the Nibelungenlied.

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. See on this: Dieter Burdorf, Christoph Fasbender, Burkhard Moennighoff (Hrsg.): Metzler Lexikon Literatur. 3. Edition. Metzler, Stuttgart 2007, ISBN 978-3-476-01612-6 , p. 543.
  2. ^ 1. Aventiure based on the digital edition by Hermann Reichert
  3. ^ 1. Aventiure based on the digital edition by Hermann Reichert
  4. 39. Aventiure based on the digital edition by Hermann Reichert