Non-resident Indian and Person of Indian Origin
Non-resident Indians ( NRI ) are Indian citizens who are no longer subject to tax in their home country due to their residence abroad. To do this, you have to spend less than 245 days in a year or less than 365 days together over four years abroad. In fact, efforts are being made to lure back the often well-educated descendants of Indians who emigrated to highly developed countries after independence through various perks.
This term, or the German word Auslandsinder, is often used to incorrectly refer to people born as Indians who later adopted another nationality, or also those people of Indian origin who were never Indian citizens. The Indian government regards persons of Indian descent up to the fourth generation as well as spouses of such a person or an Indian citizen as "of Indian origin" so-called Person of Indian Origin ( PIO ). This has been restricted more and more by various changes in the law since 1985.
As part of citizenship law , residents of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka had the opportunity to apply for a Persons of Indian Origin Card from 2002 to 2015 . Holders of such an identity card could enter the country without a visa. They were then given a residence permit called “Residential Permit for PIO”. Otherwise they were equal to the non resident Indians . After two years in the country, they could apply for full citizenship. In mid-2013 there were just under 1.4 million cardholders.
The 2015 amendment to the law abolished the status of Persons of Indian Origin and merged it with the Overseas Citizenship. Holders of this card could exchange it until 2017 or receive a corresponding note on it. They lose their validity as a travel document on September 20, 2020.
- Act No. 1, 2015 of Jan 5th, in effect March 10th.