Stake (heraldry)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In heraldry , the stake , also post or coat of arms stake , is a herald's image that is created by splitting the shield or field twice . There is usually a stake in the center of the escutcheon . The color to the right and left of the post must be the same. The single central pole stands on the pile location . It occupies the imaginary shield division  fields 2, 5 and field 8. The stake can also be represented several times in the coat of arms , but then a narrower shape is chosen. If there are more than 4 stakes on a sign, one speaks of a stick or narrow stake ( French: Vergette ). If it is very narrow, it is a thread . It is then called a stake thread, line, staff or rod . In older heraldic literature, the term Sparre (not the same as rafters used).

  • If the post is placed completely on the edge of the coat of arms, it turns into a flank . This is on the right, left or as a double flank on both sides and must be emblazoned as such. If there is a distance to the edge of the shield, it is a flank post .
  • With the same-colored shield head or shield base without a dividing line, the post can be transformed into a shield main post or a shield base post .
  • A post that has been displaced or offset can be read in coat of arms descriptions if the upper and lower part of the post is separated by a straight or angled cut and offset (shifted) by its width to the right or left.
  • A centrally interrupted pile is a broken pile reported: "In black and a silver pole breakage" has the appearance of black capital letter "H".
  • If two piles of different tincture are placed next to one another with the inner boundary lines and reach the normal pile width, this is referred to as a pushed-on pile .
  • The palisade is a special type of post . This describes a main sharpened stake.
  • If the boundary line is wavy or tinned, it is referred to as a wave pile or counter pinnacle post / alternating pinnacle post (battlements on a gap); the boundary can also be shaped differently (see coat of arms section ).

The boundary lines of the branch post have the strongly stylized shape of a branch. As with the coat of arms , the design can accommodate all colors, shapes and figures. It can be separated from the entire shield after all the heraldic cuts. Herald pictures and common figures are possible in the stake.

Several piles and division

Several piles are described either as such or split ( English paly , French palé ), depending on whether an even or odd number of fields is created. It should be noted that counting is different in German than in Anglo-French heraldry: Two fields of each color are called German three-way split (three dividing lines), English but paly of four , while two of the one and three of the other color German two posts , English two pales are emblazoned on the other base color (therefore there is no “paly of 5” and no “6-fold split”). Split you are also emblazoned when there are different colors above and below, for example: Silver, a red pole (white-red-white), but split from silver, red and blue (white-red-blue, "triple") then unnecessary, English tierced per pale 'cut into thirds from the post'). If the number of divisions remains undetermined (because there are many, or the number is irrelevant), one speaks stake-wise red-gold (red begins; English paly - without addition).

If a post is cut after the dividing line and moved by its width, it is emblazoned as a left or right edge post. If the shift is only half the pile thickness, it is a half-edge pile. If the width of both pole parts are adjacent to each other (both pole parts are longer by their width), it is a right or left angled pole.

Arrays of common figures in the pile direction, ie one over the other, are as pale example emblazoned designated. In contrast to this, the bar can only be arranged bar by bar .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Walter Leonhard : The great book of heraldic art. Development - elements - motifs - design. License issue. Bechtermünz, Augsburg 2003, ISBN 3-8289-0768-7 , p. 142.

Web links

Commons : stake in heraldry  collection of images, videos, and audio files