Polish reconnaissance

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The Polish Enlightenment , i.e. the Polish variant of the Enlightenment , was characterized by two essential features: On the one hand, the long coexistence of the old Sarmatian and the new Enlightenment worldview. On the other hand, through the importance of internal and external political developments in all areas of society. The peculiarity of the Polish Enlightenment is due to the peculiar form of government: Surrounded by monarchies, Poland formed an island with its so-called aristocratic democracy.

“In Polish cultural history, the thirty-year reign of Stanisław August Poniatowski (1764–1795) traditionally marked the Age of Enlightenment . The Enlightenment in Poland ended with the third and final division of the country, which meant the loss of its sovereignty. "

- Julian Krzyżanowski


  • Carsten Cell: Enlightenment (s) in the East, 1995
  • Zdzisław Libera: Polish Enlightenment. A literary reader, 1989.

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