Directive 2014/35 / EU (low voltage directive)

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Directive 2014/35 / EU

Title: Directive 2014/35 / EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of February 26, 2014 on the harmonization of the laws of the member states regarding the provision of electrical equipment for use on the market within certain voltage limits
(not official)
Low voltage directive
Scope: EEA
Procedure overview: European Commission
European Parliament
To be
implemented in national law by:
April 19, 2016

Implement = 19. April 2016

Implemented by: Ordinance on electrical equipment
Reference: OJ L 96 of 29.3.2014, pp. 357-374
Full text Consolidated version (not official)
basic version
The regulation must have been implemented in national law.
Please note the information on the current version of legal acts of the European Union !

The Directive 2014/35 / EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 the harmonization of the laws of the Member States concerning the provision of electrical equipment for use within certain voltage limits on the market (recast) (short Low Voltage Directive ) in addition to the EMC Directive the most important regulatory instrument for the safety of electrically operated devices.

Goals and implementation

The purpose of the Low Voltage Directive is to guarantee a high level of protection for electrical devices with regard to the health and safety of people, pets, farm animals and goods, and to guarantee the functioning of the European internal market.

It applies to " electrical equipment for use with a nominal voltage between 50 and 1000  V for alternating current and between 75 and 1500 V for direct current " with a few exceptions. Products with lower nominal voltages are covered by the General Product Safety Directive .

Most radio systems (radio transmitters and receivers) to which the Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53 / EU applies do not fall directly into the scope of the Low Voltage Directive. Instead, the radio equipment directive calls for compliance with the "essential requirements" of the low-voltage directive, but without applying the voltage limits, which corresponds to a more stringent normative application of the low-voltage directive.

The directive requires the member states to take all appropriate measures so that electrical equipment can only be placed on the market if - in accordance with the state of the art in safety technology in the Community - it is manufactured in such a way that it can be properly installed and maintained as well as intended use do not endanger the safety of people and livestock or the preservation of property.

Like all European directives , the primary objective of the directive is to enable the free movement of goods . This is evident from Article 4, which requires: “ With regard to the aspects covered by this Directive , the Member States may not hinder the making available on the market of electrical equipment that complies with this Directive. "

The requirement of Article 5 also serves the free exchange of goods: " With regard to electrical equipment, the member states ensure that the electricity supply companies do not make the connection to the network and the supply of electricity to users of electrical equipment dependent on safety requirements that go beyond the safety objectives Article 3 and Annex I. "

The implementation of the Low Voltage Directive in German law took place with the First Ordinance on the Equipment and Product Safety Act (Ordinance on the placing on the market of electrical equipment for use within certain voltage limits) (1st GPSGV). On December 1, 2011, the Equipment and Product Safety Act (GPSG) in Germany was replaced by the Product Safety Act (ProdSG). The European directive on general product safety and the low-voltage directive 2014/35 / EU were thus implemented in national law in Germany. In Austria, the implementation took place with the ordinance of the Federal Minister for Economic Affairs on electrical equipment for use within certain voltage limits (Low Voltage Equipment Ordinance 1995 - NspGV 1995).

CE marking and declaration of conformity

The manufacturers and importers of the devices are primarily responsible for compliance with the directive. They demonstrate the compliance of electrical equipment with the low-voltage directive by performing a conformity assessment procedure. They create technical documents, add operating instructions and safety information to the devices and attach the CE mark .

Versions of the Low Voltage Directive

The first Low Voltage Directive was published in the Official Journal in 1973 under number 73/23 / EEC . It was amended by Directive 93/68 / EEC . Another version of the directive, which appeared in 2006 under the number 2006/95 / EC , was valid until April 19, 2016.

Individual evidence

  1. NspGV in the legal information system of the Federal Chancellery Austria , accessed on May 12, 2015

Web links