Record type

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Sentence type (also sentence type , sentence mode ) describes as a linguistic technical term the distinction between sentence forms according to their typical communicative function (their purpose of action, their (superficial) illocutive function or the expressed speech act ).

In particular, a sentence can be used to make a statement, express a request (an order, a request) or ask a question. A distinction is therefore made between

Some grammarians expand the range of sentence modes

  • the exclamation sentence (exclamative sentence),
  • the desired sentence (desiderative sentence, optional sentence)

A distinction must be made between the (superficial) grammatical sentence form and the current illocutive function of a sentence. For example, a question mark can be used to issue an order.

In any case, the term type of sentence represents a division that aims at the connection to these pragmatic functions; the term is therefore only related to main clauses. Grammatical sentence forms, on the other hand, can also be distinguished in subordinate clauses ; there are also embedded interrogative clauses (indirect questions).


  • Duden - The grammar. 8th edition. Dudenverlag, Mannheim 2009 (§1387 ff .: The types of sentences).
  • Helmut Glück (Ed.): Metzler Lexicon Language. 2nd, revised and expanded edition. Metzler, Weimar 2000, ISBN 3-476-01519-X .
  • Jörg Meibauer: Pragmatics. 2nd Edition. Stauffenburg, Tübingen 2008 (Chapter 6: Record type and record mode).

Web links

Wiktionary: sentence type  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wiktionary: sentence type  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. The term sentence type is used as a generic term for core sentence, clamping sentence and front sentence, as in Kessel / Reimann: Basic knowledge of German contemporary language. Fink, Tübingen 2005, ISBN 3-8252-2704-9 , p. 5.
  2. For example in Duden, spelling and grammar - made easy (2007), p. 183.
  3. So in the Duden grammar 2009, §1387.