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Train of a wedding dress

The train (from “ dragging ” in the sense of “pulling behind you”) describes that part of a garment that drags across the floor behind the wearer. Skirts, dresses and coats can be designed so that they are more or less significantly longer than floor-length at the back. The Courschleppe is a special form that was part of the courtly ceremonial clothing of women from the Napoleonic Empire to the First World War.

While trains are now almost exclusively reserved for bridal and evening dresses, they have been in general fashion several times in the course of costume history. B. in the 13th century , the end of the 17th and the end of the 18th century and most recently around 1875–1880.

Because of the high, objectively unnecessary consumption of fabric and because the train was soiled and damaged (i.e. valuable material was destroyed) when it was dragged across the floor, a train was suitable for displaying wealth and thus became a status symbol. In some courtly dress regulations, their length was limited depending on the status of the wearer: the higher the rank of nobility, the longer the train was allowed to be.

In the case of courtly ceremonial clothing, e.g. B. at coronation mantles, can still be found hauling extreme length train-bearer necessitate.

The train also appears in Goethe's Faust , where in the second part of the court jester it says: Right behind your coat train, / He falls together on the stairs. / From then on you carried your fat weight, / Dead or drunk, you don't know.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Goethe, Faust. The tragedy, second part, V. 4732–4735: Faust - The tragedy, second part .