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Semideponens (of lat. Semi , half 'and deponent , rarely Halbdeponens ) is a term from the Latin linguistics . With semideponents, the two verbal stems are assigned differently to the diatheses , ie they either have an active present tense stem and a passive perfect stem (more common case) or a passive present tense stem and an active perfect stem (less common case).

Some semideponents in Latin

  • audere, audeo, ausus sum (dare)
  • confidere, confido, confisus sum (trust)
  • diffidere, diffido, diffisus sum (doubt, mistrust)
  • gaudere, gaudeo, gavisus sum (have fun, be happy)
  • solere, soleo, solitus sum (to be used to doing something)
  • fieri, fio, factus sum (happen, will, be made)
  • reverti, revertor, reverti, reversus (to return)

The first six semideponents mentioned have an active present stem and a passive perfect stem. Only with reverti is it the other way round.

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Semideponens  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations