It literally means “born before” or “previous life”. It means something like the elder, the teacher, the senior who exemplifies the way and communicates to his students.
SEN, saki ( 先 ) - earlier, before, ahead, in the future
SEI, SHŌ ( 生 ) - life
In Japan , Sensei is the common form of address for a doctor, professor, doctor, teacher or master of a ryu . Furthermore, this word is used as an honorific salutation for academics, especially for university and school teachers, medical professionals and lawyers. It will be added to the family name: Thus, Kato-sensei z. B. "Dr. Katō ”or“ Frau Prof. Katō ”mean. In Japanese, a sensei is usually addressed in the respectful Sonkeigo language in accordance with the polite language , while a student shows himself verbally submissive and uses the humble language Kenjōgo in relation to himself . However, the title "Sensei" is not used by the wearer himself. He does not talk about himself as Katō-sensei . Only a third person, e.g. B. a student calls the master Katō-sensei .
The form of address Sensei for teachers is controversial in Japan. The anonymous Senryū “ 先生 と 呼 ば れ る ほ ど の 馬鹿 で な し ” ( Sensei to yobareru hodo no baka de nashi. “I'm not a fool to be addressed as Sensei”) shows that it can also be mocking because of its inflationary use. . However, in almost all schools and universities in Japan, teachers are addressed as Sensei .
In the field of Japanese martial arts ( Budō or Bujutsu ), higher Dan bearers who have a teaching position are addressed as Sensei . In a narrower sense, the term means "teacher of the path" (Japanese Dō ). During the years of teaching in the dojo , a special relationship develops between teacher and student (Japanese Ishin Denshin , literally "from heart to heart"). This means that the individual student builds up a relationship with his teacher and sees him as his sensei , although often several Dan bearers teach students.
In modern dōjō one usually speaks of the "trainer" or "trainer" because the instructions are often limited to technical-physical training. For this activity, which is often already practiced by student grades (Japanese Mudansha ), the Japanese expression Senpai ("the elder", "the experienced") is often used. The less educated student is then in the role of Kōhai.
- Klaus-Dieter Matschke, Herbert Velte: Budo etiquette - forms of behavior, discipline and secrets of success in Japanese martial arts. Schramm Sport GmbH, Vierkirchen 2005, ISBN 3-000-15707-7 , pp. 137-138.
- Wolfgang Hadamitzky: Manual and Dictionary of Japanese writing. Langenscheidt, Berlin-Schöneberg 1997, ISBN 3-468-49391-6 , p. 74.
- Wolfgang Hadamitzky: Manual and Dictionary of Japanese writing. Langenscheidt, Berlin-Schöneberg 1997, ISBN 3-468-49391-6 , p. 73.
- Klaus-Dieter Matschke, Herbert Velte: Budo etiquette - forms of behavior, discipline and secrets of success in Japanese martial arts. Schramm Sport GmbH, Vierkirchen 2005, ISBN 3-000-15707-7 , p. 29.