Sophron (poet)

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Sophron of Syracuse (Greek Σώφρων) was an ancient Greek poet. He lived in the 5th century BC. In Sicily.

His pieces were crude -comic prose scenes that were recited without scenery in costumes, but without a mask. These were realistic individual scenes, taken from everyday life, in which some men, some women (each exclusively) appeared. The language was rhythmic prose. As far as their content is recognizable, puns, parodies and above all situation comedy played a major role.

Plato's enthusiasm for these pieces, whose texts he is said to have brought to Athens, testifies to their artistic standing . The pieces are all lost, only individual titles are known: Der Landmann , Der Tunfischer , Die Mother-in-Law , Die Flickerinnen , Die Mondbeschörerinnen etc. They served Theokritus as a model. Apollodorus of Athens wrote a four-volume commentary. The fragments obtained mostly come from lexicographers and dialect researchers.


  • Bernhard Zimmermann : The extra-Attic comedy. In: Bernhard Zimmermann (Hrsg.): Handbook of the Greek literature of antiquity , Volume 1: The literature of the archaic and classical times . CH Beck, Munich 2011, ISBN 978-3-406-57673-7 , pp. 664-670, here: 668-670