As stray dogs (or strays, derogatory street dog ) are ownerless dogs called who live in cities. Street dogs are rarely found in Central Europe. In many poorer and southern as well as Eastern European countries, however, they are part of the street scene. Phenotypically they are very different and mostly adapted to their respective habitat. An example of this are the metro dogs in Moscow , which have adapted to life on and in the metro.
Street dogs cause problems in several areas, which is why great efforts are made in many places to regulate the population :
- They represent a reservoir for infectious diseases and parasitoses that can affect other dogs as well as humans ( zoonosis ). Outside Europe and North America, they play an important role in the transmission of rabies ("urban rabies"). Stroking a street dog can lead to infection with Microsporum canis , a skin fungus .
- Some of them react unpredictably and are therefore a danger to road traffic and passers-by from bite injuries .
Combating the problem of stray dogs is complex and problematic. In accordance with the recommendations of the World Organization for Animal Health, it must be adapted to the respective local conditions in order to have any chance of success.
- AT THE. Beck (1973): The ecology of stray dogs: A study of free-ranging urban animals . West Lafayette, Indiana: Purdue University Press e-books.
- Ecollage (2002): Dog Population Management & Canine Rabies Control. India's Official Dog Control Program in an international context . Pune. pp. 1-9
- K. Masahiko et al. (2003): Survey of the Stray Dog Population and the Health Education Program on the Prevention of Dog Bites and Dog-Acquired Infections: A Comparative Study in Nepal and Okayama Prefecture, Japan. In: Acta Med Okayama 57 (5): 261-266 PMID 14679405
- ↑ Jacqueline Boyd: How did Moscow's stray dogs learn to navigate the metro? In: The Conversation. February 18, 2016
- ↑ RL. Ichhpujani et al .: Epidemiology of animal bites and rabies cases in India. A multicentric study . In: J Commun Dis . 40, No. 1, 2008, pp. 27-36. PMID 19127666 .
- ↑ F. Cliquet et al .: The safety and efficacy of the oral rabies vaccine SAG2 in Indian stray dogs . In: Vaccine . 25, No. 17, 2007, pp. 3409-3418. doi : 10.1016 / j.vaccine.2006.12.054 . PMID 17224221 .
- ↑ ADAC-motorwelt July 2010, page 70
- ↑ Anonymous (2008): OIE guidelines on dog population control. Dev Biol (Basel) 131: 511-516. PMID 18634514
- Stray dog population control - OIE Guidelines
- One Health: Rabies and Other Disease Risks from Free-roaming Dogs (Conference proceedings Paris, November 5-6 , 2013; pdf 790 kB)