Electricity police

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Danube River Police in Straubing

The authorities of the hydraulic engineering authorities were or are called the river police (partly: river police). You were responsible for a. after the Prussian or Saxon law, the state administration, but especially ( lanes legally ) the maintenance of shipping lanes. The term "Strompolizei" can already be proven in 1852 in a paper by Hugo von Bose.

The Reich and federal waterways are owned by the federal government (cf. Art. 89 Basic Law ). According to the Weimar Constitution (Articles 97 to 101 and 171 WRV), property was still linked to administrative tasks. Today the administration can be transferred from the federal government to a federal state ( Art. 85 GG). In modern terms, the river police, in the form of the authorities of the waterways and shipping administration, take the measures to avert danger in the area of ​​federal waterways in order to maintain the marketability of the waterway.

According to the Federal Waterways Act (WaStrG) of April 2, 1968, the river police belong to the area of ​​responsibility of the federal administration, insofar as federal waterways are concerned. According to § 24 WaStrG, the electricity police are differentiated from the port police.

At the level of the federal states, the river police are usually perceived as water control by the state water authorities.


  • Hugo von Bose: General geographical and hydrotechnical description of the Elbe with its tributaries. In addition to communication of the shipping and electricity police laws, ordinances and notices, further statistics of Hamburg trade, shipping conditions on the Elbe, and a description of the new Elbe bridge near Dresden. In addition to a map of the Elbe with its tributaries and a map of the Elbe near Hamburg. Rudolph & Dieterici, Annaberg 1852.
  • Albrecht Friesecke: Federal Waterways Act. Comment. 6th, revised edition. Heymanns, Cologne 2009, ISBN 978-3-452-26906-5 .
  • Wilhelm Schulz: Shipping and electricity police on the Elbe from Melnik to Hamburg-Harburg. With appendix concerning the Lower Elbe. Collection of the existing shipping and transport services for the Elbe and its tributaries Electricity police regulations. 5th revised edition. Baensch, Magdeburg 1911 (In addition: Wilhelm Schulz: Schiffahrts- und Strompolizei auf der Elbe. Shipping and electricity police regulations. Collection. Submissions and amendments. 5th edition. Printed as a manuscript for official use. Elbstrombauverwaltung, Magdeburg 1926).
  • Johann Georg Spier: History of the Bremen river, shipping and port police. Göttingen 1961 (Göttingen, University, dissertation, dated May 10, 1961).

Individual evidence

  1. Hugo von Bose: General geographical and hydrotechnical description of the Elbe with its tributaries. 1852.
  2. Federal Law Gazette . Part II, p. 173.

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