Federal Law Gazette (Germany)
The German Federal Law Gazette ( BGBl. ) Is the public announcement gazette of the Federal Republic of Germany . It is from the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection to Bonn issued and by the DuMont media group belonging publishing Federal Gazette distributed.
No federal law is valid if it has not been promulgated in the Federal Law Gazette ( Art. 82.1 sentence 1 GG ). In that case, however, retroactive validity of a law is also possible within the narrow limits of the rule of law.
The Federal Law Gazette has been published since the proclamation of the Basic Law ( Federal Law Gazette 1949, p. 1 ) and is thus the successor to the Reich Law Gazette published from 1871 to 1945 . It has been published in two parts since 1951. The parts are given in Roman numerals. The Federal Law Gazette was available free of charge on the Internet for issues from 1998 onwards , and all issues since 1949 were available as part of a paid subscription. Since April 22, 2009 all issues can be viewed free of charge. The only official edition is still the printed edition.
After the Open Knowledge Foundation Germany (OKF) had criticized that the online edition of the Federal Law Gazette could only be searched, printed and copied for a fee, in December 2018 it opened its own portal with the contents of the Bundesanzeiger Verlag, accepting a copyright conflict with the Bundesanzeiger Verlag Federal Law Gazette freely on the Internet. A few days later, Federal Justice Minister Katarina Barley announced to the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung that federal laws and ordinances should only be published electronically from 2022. A citizen portal will be set up for this purpose. First, however, the Basic Law must be changed and the contract with DuMont terminated.
The Federal Law Gazette Part I publishes:
- Federal laws with the exception of international agreements
- Regulations , if they are not in the Federal Gazette or in the Transport Gazette of the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing published
- Decisions on jurisdiction in accordance with Article 129 of the Basic Law
- Decision formulas for the judgments of the Federal Constitutional Court according to § 31 BVerfGG
- Orders and decrees of the Federal President
- Organizational decrees by the Federal Chancellor in accordance with Section 9 of the Federal Government's Rules of Procedure, e.g. organizational decree of the Federal Chancellor of March 14, 2018 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 374)
- Announcements on internal affairs of the German Bundestag and the Bundesrat ; these are for example:
- the rules of procedure of the German Bundestag
- the rules of procedure of the Federal Council
- the rules of procedure for the joint committee.
Other announcements are only published in the Federal Gazette, Part I, if this is provided for by law. The rules of procedure of the federal government approved by the Federal President and the joint rules of procedure of the federal ministries, on the other hand, are not published in the Federal Gazette, but in the Joint Ministerial Gazette .
The international agreements and treaties applicable in Germany , the legal provisions enacted for their entry into force and the related notices are published in Part II of the Federal Law Gazette. In addition, legislation on customs tariffs is published ( ISSN 0341-1109 ).
There is also the collection of federal law in the Federal Law Gazette Part III.
As part of a legal adjustment for the time before the meeting of the German Bundestag , the federal law applicable on December 31, 1963 - with a few exceptions - was established in full and printed in Part III of the Federal Law Gazette. Regulations that were not excluded in accordance with Section 1 (3) of the Act on the Collection of Federal Law of July 10, 1958 ( Federal Law Gazette I p. 437 ), and regulations that were not included in the collection, are accordingly on December 31 Expired in 1968. This sub-series is now only available as an e-journal , which means that no ISSN is available anymore.
In addition, the Federal Ministry of Justice issues two references (FN) annually on December 31st . FN A contains federal law without international agreements, FN B contains international agreements and the treaties for the preparation and establishment of the unity of Germany.
- Federal Law Gazette at the Open Knowledge Foundation Germany - free of charge
- Portal of the Federal Law Gazette at the Bundesanzeiger Verlagsgesellschaft
- Federal Law Gazette at the Bundesanzeiger Verlag
- Parliamentary mirror - free access to the Federal Law Gazette Part I from 1980
- Update service ( Juris ) - links to the Federal Law Gazette to click in the offer of the Federal Ministry of Justice
- Update service - exact information on the entry into force, filterable according to subject areas and presentation of the changes
- ↑ dpa: Copyright: Open Knowledge Foundation publishes all federal laws. In: Heise Online. December 10, 2018, accessed January 5, 2019 .
- ^ Tilman Wittenhorst: Electronic laws: Open citizen portal to replace Federal Law Gazette. In: Heise Online. December 24, 2018, accessed January 5, 2019 .
- ↑ According to Article 82 paragraph 1 sentence 1 GG. For the proclamation procedure, see also Section 60 of the Joint Rules of Procedure of the Federal Ministries (GGO)
- ↑ Cf. Art. 82 paragraph 1 sentence 2 GG.