Substitution process

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Substitution processes are production processes and associated technologies that are suitable to largely replace other processes under given circumstances.

Examples are welding , which can replace riveting in many places , or electrical discharge machining , which can often take the place of milling or drilling .


  1. REFA Association for Work Studies and Business Organization e. V. (Hrsg.): Methodology of the company organization: Lexicon of the company organization . Munich: Carl-Hanser, 1993. - ISBN 3-446-17523-7 . Page 176.