Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group

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Logo of the WHATWG

The Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group ( WHATWG ) is a working group whose goal is to develop new technologies by extending existing technologies to make it easier for authors to create Internet applications. Unlike the vendor-independent World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) led by Tim Berners-Lee , WHATWG is operated by several organizations, including the Mozilla Foundation , Opera Software, and Apple . The current boss is Ian Hickson .

The WHATWG was founded in response to the slow development of web standards by the W3C. The WHATWG mailing list was announced on June 4th, 2004. Opera / Mozilla had tried unsuccessfully at the W3C workshop two days earlier to adopt a joint policy paper, but were overruled by the members of the W3C. The mailing list is open to everyone, and members of the W3C also participate. The WHATWG does not override the W3C, however, as the proposed standards created by the WHATWG will be submitted to the W3C for approval or improvement. In the future, the WHATWG plans to work even more closely with the W3C.


There are currently three draft specifications:

  • HTML (originally HTML5 , before that Web Applications 1.0 ), whichdefinesexpandable widgets , such as B. Menus and toolbars . This draft was adopted by the W3C as the basis for a new version of HTML and is being actively developed. On January 19, 2011, the "5" was removed from the designation to show that the further development of HTML is constantly in flux.
  • Web Forms 2.0, which is aimed at the general needs of web authors. There was also a version of Web Forms 2 at the W3C published . Web Forms 2 has now been integrated into HTML5.
  • Web Controls 1.0, which adds further functionalities to JavaScript and CSS , which should support the creation of custom widgets. This specification depends on the design of the XBL2 .

In contrast to the XForms of the W3C, these specifications aim to work primarily on HTML. Because it is oriented towards browser implementations of HTML, HTML5 is not based on SGML , but on its own parsing rules ; the largely equivalent XHTML5, however, follows the XML syntax.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. WHAT open mailing list announcement
  2. W3C Workshop on Web Applications and Compound Documents (Day 2) Jun 2, 2004
  3. ^ Position Paper for the W3C Workshop on Web Applications and Compound Documents