Civil Procedure Law (England and Wales)

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As a civil procedure law (Engl. Civil Procedure ) is called the law of England and Wales an area of law that the course of legal proceedings and the enforcement of judgments in the area of civil law governs.


England's civil procedural law has undergone a profound reform since the 1980s, initiated by the UK's accession to the European Community . The first steps were the Supreme Court Act 1981 , the County Courts Act 1984, and the Civil Jurisdictions and Judgments Act 1982 . In 1999 a major reform followed, based on Lord Woolf's designs . With the exception of foreclosure, procedural law is now fully regulated by law. The new Civil Procedure Rules (CPR) therefore regulate the procedure in all civil proceedings before the High Court and the County Courts . The main ideas behind the reform are active case management and access to justice .

Court organization


Parties to a process can be both natural and legal persons. For a long time, representation by lawyers was characterized in English law by the division of the legal profession into barrister and solicitor , which was only relaxed in 1990.


According to the English concept, evidence law is an independent area of ​​law that applies uniformly to civil and criminal proceedings.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Christoph Graf von Bernstorff : Introduction to English law . 3. Edition. CHBeck, 2006, § 11. English civil procedural law.