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Öztürkçe (roughly: pure Turkish) describes a purist form of Turkish which, in contrast to Ottoman, is largely free of Persian and Arabic influences. Öztürkçe was an active target of the Turkish language reform. This language policy of Turkization was implemented through the writing reform and from 1932 through the Society for Turkish Language (TDK). For this purpose, the TDK collected Turkish vocabulary in historical sources and Anatolian dialects. On this basis, the TDK formed a large number of neologisms that were disseminated with the help of the media and school books. In 1937 Atatürk himself anonymously wrote a geometry book for schoolchildren with specially selected technical terms that are still in use today. From the 1940s, the TDK developed normative dictionaries (Türkçe Sözlük) and spelling guides (İmlâ kılavuzu).

The use of Öztürkçe was and is an indicator of the ideology of Kemalism . There has been no active language control policy for several decades.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Klaus Kreiser: Small Turkey Lexicon. Munich 1992, sv Öztürkçe
  2. ^ Klaus Kreiser: Small Turkey Lexicon. Munich 1992, sv Türk Dil Kurumu