al-Hadi ( Arabic الهادي, DMG al-Hādī ) is the ruler name of Abū Muhammad Mūsā ibn al-Mahdī ibn Muhammad al-Mahdī ibn Abī Jafar al-Mansūr /أبو محمد موسى بن محمد المهدي بن أبي جعفر المنصور / Abū Muḥammad Mūsā b. Muḥammad al-Mahdī b. Abī Ǧaʿfar al-Manṣūr (* around 766/767; † September 14, 786 in Īsābāḏ). It was from 785 until his death the following year, the fourth Caliph of the Abbasid .
Towards the end of the reign of al-Mahdi there were harem intrigues to enforce Prince Hārūn as heir to the throne. Al-Mahdi confirmed his son Mūsā as heir to the throne, but determined Hārūn ar-Raschīd as his successor.
With the assumption of power, al-Hadi tried, with the help of al-Fadl ibn ar-Rabīʿ , to limit the influence of the Iranians , who supported the succession of Hārūn, in the administration of the empire. When he tried to persuade Hārūn ar-Raschīd to renounce his claims, according to sources, he was murdered by a conspiracy in 786 (suffocation with a pillow or poisoning) and Hārūn was able to take over the reign that had been awarded to him. However, al-Hadi was already seriously ill when he reached his palace in ĪsābāĪ, in the vicinity of Baghdad, after a long journey, which speaks for a natural death.
- Hugh N. Kennedy : The Early Abbasid Caliphate: A Political History . Routledge, New York 2016 (original 1981). ISBN 978-1-138-95321-5 .
- Sabatino Moscati : Le califat d'al-Hadi (= Studia Orientalia , Volume 13), Helsinki 1946. ( digitized version )
- ↑ Sabatino Moscati: Le califat d'al-Hadi (= Studia Orientalia , volume 13), Helsinki 1946, p. 23
- ↑ Sabatino Moscati: Le califat d'al-Hadi (= Studia Orientalia , volume 13), Helsinki 1946, p. 5
- ↑ Sabatino Moscati: Le califat d'al-Hadi (= Studia Orientalia , volume 13), Helsinki 1946, p. 18
- ^ Jacob Lassner: The Shaping of 'Abbasid Rule . Princeton University Press, Princeton 1980, pp. 46f.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Abū Muhammad Mūsā ibn al-Mahdī ibn Muhammad al-Mahdī ibn Abī Jafar al-Mansūr|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||fourth Abbasid caliph|
|DATE OF BIRTH||at 766|
|DATE OF DEATH||786|