Old archbishop is the name for a resigned archbishop (e.g. for reasons of age or health). Until 1971 they were given a titular archbishopric (possibly pro hac vice ) in place of the previous archbishop's title . In 1971, however, those bishops who had renounced their diocese when they resigned were asked to renounce their titular archbishopric. They received the title of archiepiscopus emeritus (old archbishop) with the addition of their former residential seat.
Exceptions were only made in cases in which a bishop was awarded the honorary title of archbishop on the occasion of his resignation (e.g. the former bishop of Graz-Seckau , Josef Schoiswohl , was appointed titular archbishop pro illa vice of Monteverde on the occasion of his resignation ).