Pro hac vice
The Latin expression pro hac vice means "for this (one) time, exceptionally".
United States Law
In US legal language, this term is usually used for a lawyer who has been granted special permission to participate in a certain process, although he has no (general) legal license for the court before which the process takes place. For example, the procedural rules for the Supreme Court provide that American as well as foreign lawyers can be admitted pro hac vice under certain conditions .
Under maritime law , a ship lessor (charterer) is treated as owner pro hac vice as long as he assumes full responsibility for the ship - including the crew and cargo - and the ship owner gives him unrestricted power of disposal.
Roman and Canon Law
In Roman and canon law , the term denotes an individual rule with an exceptional character. In the Annuario Pontificio , the Directory of the Roman Catholic Church , the expression describes the case in which a titular bishop's seat is elevated to the rank of titular archbishop's seat only for the duration of the term of office of a certain holder.
In rare exceptional cases there is also the opposite constellation, namely that a titular archbishop's seat is only granted as a titular bishop's seat. This practice has become increasingly important in recent decades when it comes to the awarding of traditional titular archbishop seats with sometimes very important names (e.g. Ephesus , Miletus etc.), which are contained in partibus infidelium ("in the territories of the unbelievers") and nowadays hardly any Catholics or even Christians live in their districts (especially in Asia Minor , the Middle East or North Africa ). In order not to snub the Eastern churches, which are also represented at the same traditional seats , it seemed more and more advisable for ecumenical reasons not to give these "prominent" seats too high-ranking titles.
In addition, the term is also used when cardinals who have been accepted as cardinal deacons in the college of cardinals , ten years after their creation as cardinal, claim the right to be admitted to the rank of cardinal priest and their title church, which is run as a Roman diaconia do not want to change: You can then be appointed pro hac vice (“for this one time”) as cardinal priest of this titular church, which continues to exist as a diakonia and is regularly appointed with a cardinal deacon the next time it is awarded.
- Gabriel G. Adeleye, Kofi Acquah-Dadzie: World dictionary of foreign expressions. A resource for readers and writers. Edited by Thomas J. Sienkewicz with James T. McDonough, Jr. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, Mundelein IL 2000, ISBN 0-86516-423-1 , p. 317.
- See Nolo's Plain-English Law Dictionary online . Examples of the use of the expression admitted pro hac vice under Groklaw online ; Example of admission requirements for pro-hac-vice lawyers under Examples ( Memento of the original dated December 3, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 495 kB).
- Rule 6 of the Rules of the Supreme Court of the United States (PDF; 652 kB), accessed June 20, 2012.
- Roman T. Keenan: Charter Parties and Bills of Lading , Marquette Law Review 1959 (Vol. 42), p. 347. For a practical application see decision of the United States Court of Appeals no. 94-2198 ( Memento of August 13, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) of June 19, 1995, p. 4ff.
- See the list of cardinal priests with “Pro-hac-vice” title (status: 2010).